The U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) has the statutory responsibility to conduct objective, non-partisan studies that assess and evaluate Federal merit systems policies, operations, and practices. See 5 U.S.C. § 1204(a)(3). Our studies are typically government-wide in scope and take a long-term perspective on merit and effective management of the Federal workforce. The prospective nature of the studies function, in conjunction with MSPB’s adjudication of individual appeals and its authority to review human resources (HR) regulations, enables MSPB to fulfill its role as guardian of Federal merit systems and ensure the workforce is managed in accordance with the Merit System Principles (MSPs) and free from Prohibited Personnel Practices (PPPs).